The infamous question of whether a woman can get pregnant during her period has yielded ambiguous responses. So let’s just make it really clear once and for all. Yes, a woman can get pregnant during her period. Now, surely you’re asking why and how. So here are four reasons to clarify exactly how a woman can get pregnant during her period.
- Less Fertile does not mean not fertile. It is true. During a woman’s period she is less fertile. There is a significant difference between being less fertile and not fertile at all. Although during a woman’s period the bleeding is an indicator that the egg hasn’t been fertilized and the lining of the uterus has been discarded, ovulation occurs during the midpoint of a woman’s cycle. Therefore, increasing the likelihood of fertilization if you have sex during this time. It’s important to be aware of the symptoms that may follow also indicating that you could be pregnant. You could feel some discomfort in your lower abdomen very similar to cramping. Many women mistake this symptom as the cramping that some women endure during their period anyway. Don’t confuse the two. If you are still having cramps after your period, you could be pregnant. Also, take notice of breast tenderness. Some women begin to notice that their breastsare sensitive to the touch. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms more than usual, then it could be very possible that you are pregnant.
- Sperm Hangs Around. Although women are less fertile during their period, the deciding factor is if the sperm fertilizes the woman’s egg. Some women probably think it’s safer to have sex closer to the end of their cycle. Actually, a woman is more fertile during the end of their cycle because of the probability of ovulation occurring during the middle of her cycle. Here’s what makes this even more complex, the sperm can remain in the fallopian tubes for up to 5 days. This is the number one fact that most men and women do not realize. Once a man releases his sperm inside of a woman it doesn’t just disappear within 24 hours, it actually remains in the fallopian tubes for several days. This increases the chances of fertilizing an egg. So you may think that you have it all figured out by having sex closer to the end of your cycle, but in actuality you have just increased your chances of becoming pregnant. You may also want to pay close attention to any spotting. Don’t confuse this with having an irregular period or short period. Spotting is often an indicator that you are most fertile and it is also referred to as breakthrough bleeding. Breakthrough bleeding is when you spot between periods. Take all of this into account and you will see that the body provides you with signs and indicators; you just have to pay attention to the signs.
- Long Period or Short Period. Who knows? Some women have long periods and some have short periods. It very well could vary based on your diet, supplements, or even depending on the type of birth control you are on. A woman’s period can vary tremendously. Some women have a 28 day cycle period and some may have shorter periods. There are many women that go months without periods and when they do have one it seems as if they are bleeding for at least two weeks. You have to know your body and understand your cycle. Even then, it could change. Because a period can be irregular, it makes it hard to pinpoint when ovulation is occurring. A woman could begin to ovulate toward the end of her period and still get pregnant. When the egg is released into the fallopian tubes, there is a 24 hour window of opportunity for any sperm that may be present, to fertilize the egg. If you have an inconsistent period, long period or short period, it makes it difficult to determine that window of opportunity.
- Ovulation is complex. We have all been taught that women ovulate on the 14th day after their period. This does not hold true for all women. As mentioned above, women’s cycle lengths can vary based on several factors. But the main point here is to know that ovulation can really occur at different points in a woman’s body. With sperm having the ability to live inside of the fallopian tubes for up to 5 days this gives approximately a 5 day window for one egg to be fertilized. If a woman stays on her cycle for 5-7 seven days and she has sex midway through her cycle, it is very likely that after she sees no more bleeding, the sperm could still be live in her fallopian tubes and could possibly fertilize more than one egg. Some simple signs to know when you are ovulating are as follows: Breast tenderness, heightened sense of smell, vision and taste, increased sex drive, abdominal bloating, a twinge of pain in your lower abdomen particularly on one side, and cervical mucus change.
Get to know your body and understand what your body is trying to tell you. Our bodies speak to us all of the time, we just listen half the time. Now that we have dispelled the myth that you can’t get pregnant during your period, it’s time to make some decisions. If you are looking to get pregnant, then you now have some idea of when you may be ovulating and when it is more likely for you to conceive. If you are not looking to get pregnant, then be safe and use protection. Having a baby is an incredible gift and at the same time an incredible responsibility. It should be something that you and your partner decide to do together. But if you so happen to “slip up” and become pregnant, no worries. You’ll be awesome parents. And think, when your child asks you if she can get pregnant during her period, you already know the answer.